Glossary Terms – I



Established in 2007, the International Cooperation on Cosmetics Regulation (ICCR) is a voluntary international group of cosmetics regulatory authorities from Brazil, Canada, the European Union, Japan and the United States. This group of regulatory authorities meet on an annual basis to discuss common issues on cosmetics safety and regulation, as well as enter into a constructive dialogue with relevant cosmetics industry trade associations. ICCR provides a multilateral framework to maintain and enable the highest level of global consumer protection by working towards and promoting regulatory convergence, while minimizing barriers to international trade.

In vitro

Experiments performed in a test tube or another artificial, controlled environment, rather than in a whole animal.

Indirect Food Additive

Indirect food additives are additives that may become part of the food in trace amounts due to its packaging, storage or other handling. For example, minute amounts of packaging substances may find their way into foods during storage.


A class of chemical compounds found in plants that may have some similar effects as the human hormone estrogen. These compounds also may have potent antioxidant properties.